On this day, October 25


Dutch Captain Dirk Hartog made the second recorded landing on Australian soil by a European. This island of the West Australian coast was later named Dirk Hartog Island after him.


The Toronto Stock Exchange was founded.


The day of the October Revolution in Russia according to the Old Style calendar in use at the time.


After 74 days on hunger strike in Brixton prison in England, member of the Sinn Féin Irish political party and Lord Mayor of Cork, Terence MacSwiney, died.


Italian luxury cruise liner SS Principessa Mafalda is sunk of the coast of Brazil, 314 of her passengers dying.


Benjamin O. Davis Sr. was named the first African American general in the United States Army.


A crackdown was ordered on the Edelweiss Pirates, a scrapy, organized youth culture in Nazi Germany that had helped many army deserters and others hide from the Third Reich.


The battle of Leyte Gulf, between the Imperial Japanese Navy and the United States, occurred near the Philippines and is the largest naval battle in history.


Administration of Taiwan was taken over by the Republic of China after Japan surrendered to the Allies.


Suspicions regarding the Cuban Missile Crisis were reaffirmed when Adlai Stevenson showed photos during a United Nations Security Council meeting that proved the installation of soviet missiles.


The United Nations seated the People’s Republic of China, taking the place of the Republic of China (Taiwan).


The Yom Kippur War, a conflict between a group of Arab states headed by Egypt and Syria fought against Israel, was ended in a ceasefire.


After President Pascal Lissouba was driven out of Brazzaville during a brief civil war, Denis Sassou Nguesso proclaimed himself the president of the Republic of the Congo.

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