On this day, October 18


The first published African-American female poet, Phillis Wheatley, was freed from slavery.


Under the title The Whale, Herman Melville’s Moby-Dick was first published by Richard Bentley of London.


The United States officially took possession of Alaska after purchasing it form Russia for $7.2 million. This day is celebrated in the state as Alaska Day.


The Supreme Court of Canada was overruled in Edwards v. Canada by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council when it declared that under Canadian Law women were considered “persons.”


Then-Venezuelan president Isaías Medina Angarita was overthrown by Venezuelan armed forces in a single day.


The Studio for Electronic Music, the first modern music studio, was established at the West German Broadcasting facility.


The first transistor radio was announced by Texas Instruments.


A black and white female Parisian stray cat named Félicette becomes the first cat launched into space.


The Soviet probe Venera 4 becomes the first spacecraft to measure the atmosphere of another planet upon reaching Venus.


The Federal Communications Commission began to allow the possession of home satellite earth stations, or satellite TV antennas, without a federal government license.


During a conflict regarding the exploitation of the nation’s natural gas reserves, the Bolivian President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada was forced to both resign and leave Bolivia.

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